HUBUNGAN RELIGIUSITAS DENGAN TINDAKAN SKRINING KANKER PAYUDARA PADA WANITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS PANDAK I BANTUL YOGYAKARTA

  • Dwi Kartika Rukmi Stikes Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta
  • Yanita Trisetiyaningsih Stikes Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta
  • Andria Fistra Aryu Brata D Puskesmas Pandak I

Abstract

Background: Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Breast cancer screening involves breast self-examination (BSE), clinical breast examination (SADANIS), and mammography. The high rates of breast cancer result from the low number of women who screen for breast. As an important thing, religiosity affecting healthy behaviors and illnesses including the cancer screening action are rarely studied.

Objective: The objective of this research is to identify the correlation between religiosity with women’s breast cancer screening in the working area of Pandak I Community Health Center, Bantul District, Yogyakarta.

Method: This is a correlational analytical research along with a cross sectional approach. This research involved 397 respondents aged 20 years old or older than the age in question and they were not suffering from breast cancer measured by using an accidental sampling technique. The data collection technique was a questionnaire and the data processing dealt with the Spearman Rho.

Results: The majority of respondents’ religiosity was moderate (77.3%) and the majority of breast cancer screening measurements was low (59.4%). The Spearman Rho test results showed no relation between religiosity with women’s breast cancer screening action in the working area of Pandak I Community Health Center, Bantul District, Yogyakarta (Pv: 0,938, Sig: 0,05). The Spearman correlation value was 0.004, indicating that the correlation direction was positive along with the weakest correlation strength.

Conclusion: Breast cancer screening measurements are low and unrelated to the level of religiosity. The reason for not doing breast cancer screening action largely depends on the belief that health is determined by God. Therefore, nurses should further enhance the promotion of health education regarding breast cancer screening measurements using an approach other than religiosity.

Keywords: Breast cancer, religiosity, screening, women

Author Biographies

Dwi Kartika Rukmi, Stikes Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta

Jl. Ringroad Barat Ambarketawang Gamping Sleman Yogyakarta 0274 434 2000

Yanita Trisetiyaningsih, Stikes Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta

Jl. Ringroad Barat Ambarketawang Gamping Sleman Yogyakarta 0274 434 2000

Andria Fistra Aryu Brata D, Puskesmas Pandak I

Jalan Gesikan, Wijirejo, Gesikan I, Wijirejo, Kec. Bantul, Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55761

References

1. Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.Situasi penyakit kanker. Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan. 2015. Tersedia dalam http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/downl oad/pusdatin/buletin/buletin-kanker.pdf. diakses tanggal 10 April 2016.
2. Khalili,A.F.,Shahnazi,M. Breast cancer screening (breast self examination, clinical breast exam, and mammography) in women referred to health centers in Tabriz, Iran. Indian Journal Of Medical Sciences, April 2010, Vol 64, No.4.
3. Boxwala,F.I.,Bridgemohan,A.,Griffith,D.M., Soliman,A.S. Factors associated with breast cancer screening in asian indian women in metro- detroit. J Immigrant Minority Health, 2009,12:534-543.
4. Gullate,M.M. The influence of spirituality and religiosity on breast cancer screening delay in african american women: application of the theory of reasoned action dan planned behavior (tra/tpb).The ABNF Journal,Spring.2006.
5. Gullate,M.M.,Brawley,O.,Kinney,A.,Powe, B.,Mooney,K. Religiosity, spirituality, and cancer fatalism beliefs on delay in breast cancer diagnosis in african american women. J Religi Health, 2009,49:62-72.
6. Kudel,I.,Cotton,S.,Szaflarski,M.,Holmes, W.,et al. Spirituality and religiosity in patients with HIV: a test and expansion of a model. Ann behav med. 2011,41:92- 103. DOI:10.1007/s12160-010-9229-x.
7. Ironson,G.,Stuetzle,R.,Fletcher,M.A. An increase in religiousness/spirituality occurs after HIV diagnosis and predicts slower disease progression over 4 years in people with HIV. J Gen Intern Med 2006;21 Suppl 5:S62-S68.
8. American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer Risk and Prevention. 2016. Tersedia dalam https://www.cancer.org/content/dam/CRC/PDF/Public/8578.00.pdfdiakses tanggal 10 Oktober 2017.
9. Indrati R. Faktor-faktor risiko yang berpengaruh terhadap kejadian kanker payudara wanita (studi kasus di Rumah Sakit Dokter Kariadi Semarang). Thesis. Semarang: Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Diponegoro. 2005. Tersedia dalam http://eprints.undip.ac.id/14998/1/2005E4 D002071.pdf. diakses tanggal 10 Oktober 2017.
10. Sirait AM, Oemiati R dan Indrawati L. Hubungan kontarsepsi pil dengan tumor/kanker payudara di Indonesia. Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia. 2009;59(8):348-356.
11. Harianto, Mutiara R dan Surachmat H. Risiko penggunaan pil kontrasepsi kombinasi terhadap kejadian kanker payudara pada reseptor KB di perjan RS DR.Cipto Mangunkusumo. Majalah Ilmu Kefarmasian. 2005;2(1):84-99.
12. Sihombing,M Dan Sapardin,A.N. Faktor Risiko Tumor Payudara Pada Perempuan Umur 25-65 Tahun Di Lima Kelurahan Kecamatan Bogor Tengah. 2014. tersedia dalam http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index. php/kespro/article/view/3895/3740 diakses tanggal 10 Oktober 2017
13. Nurdiana E, Widyantoro N. Informasi Kesehatan Reproduksi Perempuan. Yayasan Lembaga Konsumen Indonesia. 2002. Yogyakarta: Galang Printika.
14. Padela,AI.et al. Religious Beliefs and mammography intention: finding from a qualitative study of a diverse group of American muslim women. Paper. Psycho- oncology 2016: 1-8. John Wiley & Sons.
15. Leyva et al. Is religiosity Associated with Cancer Screening? Result from a national Survey. Journal Religi Health 2015 (54): 998-1013.
16. Padela,AI.et al. Association Between Religion – Related factors and Cervical Cancer Screening Among Muslims in Greater Chicago. Journal of lower genital tract disease,November 2014,00(00):1-9.
17. Mitchell, J., Lannin, D. R., Matthews, H. F., & Swanson, M. S. Religious beliefs and breast cancer screening. Journal of Women’s Health, 2002, 11: 907–915. DOI:10.1089/154099902762203740.
18. Jang,J.E.,Kim,S.W.,Kim,S.Y.,Kim,J.M.,et al. Religiosity, depresion, and quality of life in Korean patients with breast cancer: a 1 year prospective longitudinal study.Psycho oncology 2013, 22:922-929. DOI: 10.1002/pon.3083
19. Ahmad,F., Cameron,J.I., Stewart, D.E. A tailored intervention to promote breast cancer screening among south asian women. Soc Sci Med. 2005;60:575–86.
Published
2019-11-16
How to Cite
1.
Kartika Rukmi D, Trisetiyaningsih Y, Aryu Brata D AF. HUBUNGAN RELIGIUSITAS DENGAN TINDAKAN SKRINING KANKER PAYUDARA PADA WANITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS PANDAK I BANTUL YOGYAKARTA. Media ilmu kesehat. [Internet]. 2019Nov.16 [cited 2020Apr.3];6(3):205-12. Available from: https://ejournal.unjaya.ac.id/index.php/mik/article/view/207

Most read articles by the same author(s)