Determinan sosial dan cakupan pemberian vaksin inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) di kota Cimahi
Background: In West Java the coverage of the IPV vaccine in 2018 was quite low, namely 51.16%. In the City of Cimahi in 2017 there was a target of 10,974 babies with a coverage of 3,063 (27.91%), in 2018 the target was 10,848 coverage 5,707 (52.6%) and in 2019 the target to be achieved was 10,777 babies. In the City of Cimahi until 2019, data, both research results and published survey results, have not been found that can be used as a reference to provide an overview of the results of the implementation of the IPV vaccine.
Objective: To find out the coverage of IPV vaccine and the most dominant determinant of the completeness of IPV administration.
Method: The study design used was cross-sectional. The sample size in the study was 193 children aged 12-24 months who were selected using cluster random sampling technique. The data were collected by means of interview techniques using structured questionnaires and observations. Data analysis used univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis.The number of samples studied was 35 respondents, the sample was selected using total sampling technique. Data collection was carried out by interview techniques using structured questionnaires and observations. Data analysis uses the kai-square test.
Results: The coverage of IPV provision in the city of Cimahi in 2019 was 73.6%. The significant variables were mothers who worked (PR = 2,140 and ρ = 0.026) and mothers who had low knowledge (PR = 2.881 and ρ = 0.004). The multivariate result of the most dominant variable was maternal knowledge Exp (B) = 2,917.
Conclusion: Several reasons for not providing IPV were because they did not know the information, did not have time, IPV was not available, was not allowed by husbands and reasons of trust. Suggestions for the Health Office to prioritize the provision of information related to IPV and optimizing the role of kader in providing education or understanding of IPV
Wordl Health Organization South-East Asia. Immunization [Internet]. https://www.who.int/southeastasia. 2014. Available from: http://origin.searo.who.int/immunization/topics/polio/ eradication/sea-polio-free/en/
World Health Organization. Poliomyelitis [Internet]. World Health Organization. 2019. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/poliomyelitis
Ranuh IGN, Suyitno H, Hadinegoro SRH, Kartasasmita CB, Ismoedijanto S. Pedoman Imunisasi di Indonesia. 5th ed. Jakarta; 2014.
Kementerian Kesehatan. Poliomyelitis (Penyakit Virus Polio) [Internet]. Infeksi Emerging. 2020 [cited 2020 Nov 14]. Available from: https://infeksiemerging.kemkes.go.id /penyakit- virus/poliomyelitis-penyakit-virus-polio/#.X6I 4zIgzbIV
Hamborsky J, Kroger A, Wolfe S E. Emiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2015. 512 p.
Dinas Kesehatan. Laporan program IPV 2017-2018. Kota Cimahi; 2019.
Moran EB, Wagner AL, Asiedu-Bekoe F, Abdul-Karim A, Schroeder LF, Boulton ML. Socioeconomic characteristics associated with the introduction of new vaccines and full childhood vaccination in Ghana, 2014. Vaccine. 2020;38(14):2937–42.
Senewe M, Rompas S, Lolong J. Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kepatuhan Ibu Dalam Pemberian Imunisasi Dasar Di Puskesmas Tongkaina Kecamatan Bunaken Kota Madya Manado. Jurnal Keperawatan UNSRAT. 2017;5(1):109743.
Vassiliki P, Ioanna K, Artemis V, Eleni K, Aglaia Z, Attilakos A, et al. Determinants of vaccination coverage and adherence to the Greek national immunization program among infants aged 2-24 months at the beginning of the economic crisis (2009-2011). BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1).
Mediarti D, Rosnani R, Sukartini T, Arifin H, Kurniawati Y. Coverage and factors associated with complete polio vaccination among Indonesian children aged 0–18 months. Child Youth Service Review. 2020;118.
Tagbo, B. N., Ughasoro, M. D., & Esangbedo DO. Parental acceptance of inactivated polio vaccine in Southeast Nigeria: A qualitative cross-sectional interventional study. Vaccine. 2014;32(46):6157–62.
Khan MU, Ahmad A, Aqeel T, Salman S, Ibrahim Q, Idrees J, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions towards polio immunization among residents of two highly affected regions of Pakistan. BMC Public Health. 2015;15(1):1–8
Articles received and published by the Media Ilmu Kesehatan are by the publication, the copyright of the article is fully transferred to the Media Ilmu Kesehatan. All operational forms such as printing, publication, and distribution of hard file journals are carried out by the Media Ilmu Kesehatan. Articles that have finished the review process and have been declared accepted by the journal manager or editor will be asked to fill out a statement of submission of copyright by the journal secretary to the main author or correspondent author. The statement of transfer of copyright is signed with a seal and sent via email to email@example.com and contacted the admin of the journal to be followed up on archiving. Journal managers and editors have the right to edit the manuscript according to the provisions of the writing rules in the Media Ilmu Kesehatan.
Articles that have been declared accepted either online through the author's account on the OJS website https://ejournal.unjaya.ac.id/index.php/mik or a letter of receipt of the article (LOA), as well as those that have been published on OJS are not allowed to be published in other journals, or proceedings. The number of authors with more than one and as the main author or designated as the correspondent writer must have coordinated with members of the research team. The order of the authors submitted in the article as the author of one, two, three and so on cannot be changed when the article is published unless an error occurs in the technical operation of the journal.