Dukungan orang tua berhubungan dengan tingkat kemampuan perawatan diri anak tunagrahita

  • Sri Nur Hartiningsih Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Surya Global Yogyakarta
  • Eka Oktavianto Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Surya Global Yogyakarta
  • Pipin Nurhayati Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Surya Global Yogyakarta

Abstract

Background: a child with mental retardation is one of the children who is born with a mental intellectual disability so that he has difficulty doing academic tasks, establishing communication, and having social relations but can be trained to be independent. To be independent in terms of self care requires support from parents.
Objective: to determine the relationship between parenteral support and the level of self care independence of mentally retarded children at the Pembina Special School of Yogyakarta.
Methods: quantitave coreelation study with cross sectional approach. The population in this study were all parents, both fathers and mothers who had mentally retarded children at elementary school level in Negeri Pembina Special School of Yogyakarta, totaling 82 people. The sample in this study wa 82 respondents with the sampling technique using total sampling. The Hypothesis testing teachnique uses the kendall tau test.
Results: The results showed that there were 57 respondents (69,5%) in adequate category of parental support, and 64 respondents (78,0%) who were independent in self-care for mentally retarded children. From the results of the Kendal tau test, the result obstained p value = 0,020 with a P value alpha = 0,05, then the P value <P alpha Value (0,020< 0,05) so that parental support has a relationship to the level of self-care independence of mentally retarded children.
Conclusion: There is relationship between parental support and the level of self-care independence of mentally retarded children at the Pembina Special School of Yogyakarta.

Author Biographies

Sri Nur Hartiningsih, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Surya Global Yogyakarta

Jln Ring Road Selatan Blado, Potorono, Banguntapan, Bantul

Eka Oktavianto, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Surya Global Yogyakarta

Jln Ring Road Selatan Blado, Potorono, Banguntapan, Bantul

Pipin Nurhayati , Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Surya Global Yogyakarta

Jln Ring Road Selatan Blado, Potorono, Banguntapan, Bantul

References

Munadhifah, D. S., & Hartini S. Hubunan Dukungan Keluarga Dengan Kemandirian Oral Higine Anak Tunagrahita Di Sekolah Luar Biasa Kudus. Hub Dukungan Kel Dengan Kemandirian Oral Hyg Anak Tuna Grahitadi Sekol Luar Biasa Negeri Kaliwungu Kudus. 2018;PROSIDING:89–100.

Atmaja RJ. Pendidikan dan Bimbingan Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya; 2018.

Parulian, K. R., Supriyanti, S. I., & Supardi S. Hubungan Karakteristik Anak, Dukungan Keluarga Dengan Kemandirian Personal Hygiene Anak Tunagrahita. Carolus J Nurs. 2020;2(2):177–88.

Syahda S. Hubungan Dukungan Keluarga Terhadap Kemandirian Anak Retardasi Mental Di Sdlb Bangkinang Tahun 2016. J Basicedu. 2018;2(1):43–8.

Wulandari AN, Wulandari B. Pengembangan media audio visual sebagai media pembelajaran : kesehatan reproduksi bagi remaja tunagrahita Development of audio-visual media as a learning media : Reproductive health for adolescent with intellectual disability. 2021;10(2):97–105.

Verawati M. Hubungan Dukungan Keluarga Dengan Kemampuan Perawatan Diri Pada Anak Retardasi Mental Di Slb Negeri 1 Bantul. 2016;1–10.

Friedman, M.M;Bowden, V. R., & Jones EG. Buku Ajar Keperawatan Keluarga Riset Teori dan Praktik. 5th ed. Jakarta: ECG; 2014.

Maidartati MA. Hubungan Dukungan Keluarga Dengan Kemandirian Perawatan Diri Anak Retardasi Mental Ringan-Sedang Di Slb Cicalengka. J Keperawatan Galuh. 2019;1(2).

Hadizad T, Sajedi F, Movallali G, Soltani PR. Effectiveness of resiliency training in improving mother-child relationship in mothers of children with mental retardation. Iran Rehabil J. 2016;14(3):171–8.

Ghasemipour, Y., & Roshan B. Investigating the Relationship Between Mindfulness and Social Support with Mental Health of Mothers with Mentally Retarded Child. Q J Child Ment Heal. 2019;6(1):176–87.

Published
2022-01-29
How to Cite
1.
Hartiningsih SN, Oktavianto E, Nurhayati P. Dukungan orang tua berhubungan dengan tingkat kemampuan perawatan diri anak tunagrahita. Media ilmu kesehatan [Internet]. 2022Jan.29 [cited 2022Dec.9];10(2):154-60. Available from: https://ejournal.unjaya.ac.id/index.php/mik/article/view/557