PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN MEDIA AUDIO VISUAL LEBIH EFEKTIF UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PENGETAHUAN SISWA TENTANG KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI

  • Esa Rara Regina Stikes Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta
  • Rosa Delima Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

Abstract

Background: Statistical data of 2008 in Indonesia showed from 43,3 million adolescents aged 15-24 years of unhealthy behavior, teenage Indonesia from 23 million aged 15-24 years, 83,3% had had sexual intercourse. Negative behavior patterns and risk of adolescent reproductive health will have an impact on their future, so it requires a special education discuss reproductive health. Audiovisual media and the leaflet is a medium that can be used in the delivery of reproductive health education information. Preliminary study of the 5 people from 216 students in grade VII showed that students did not know about health reproductive.

Objectives: This study aims to determine the ratio of health ducation via media audio visual and leaflets to students' knowledge about health reproductive adolescent in SMP Negeri 2 Ampel Boyolali.

Methods: The method in this study was quasi-experimental (quasi experiment) and the use of design Non Equivalent Pre-Post Design. Samples were taken by technique proportional random sampling is a class VII student at SMPl 2 Ampel Boyolali much as 140 people. The instruments of the study questionnaire and test results were analyzed with Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test and the Kolmogorov- Smirnow.

Results: Knowledge of students' prior education health was reproductive adolescent in the SMP Negeri 2 Ampel Boyolali largely lacking as many as 71 students (50,7%). Knowledge students' after the adolescent reproductive health education in SMP 2 Ampel Boyolali well as most of the 72 students (51,4%). The results test Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test via the media leaflet obtained p-value 0,000 < 0,05 there are 55 students to increase knowledge. While the media audio visual obtained through p-value 0,000 < 0,05 there are 39 students have increased knowledge. The results test Kolomogorov Smirnov obtained p-value 0,020 < 0,05.

Conclusion: There is a difference in education health via media audio visual and leaflets to knowledge students about health reproductive of adolescents in SMP Negeri 2 Ampel Boyolali.

Key words: Education health, media audiovisual, media leaflet

Author Biographies

Esa Rara Regina, Stikes Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta

Jl. Ringroad Barat Ambarketawang Gamping Sleman Yogyakarta 0274 434 2000

Rosa Delima, Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

Jl. Tata Bumi No.3, Area Sawah, Banyuraden, Kec. Gamping, Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55293

References

BKKBN. (2008). Pedoman Konseling Kesehatan Repoduksi Remaja. Jawa Tengah: BKKBN.

Kusmiran, E. (2011). Kesehatan Repro- duksi Remaja dan Wanita. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

BPS Indonesia (2011) Jumlah Remaja Indonesia Tahun 2011. 25 Maret 2012.

Widyastuti, Y. (2009). Kesehatan Re-produksi. Yogyakarta: Fitramaya.

Saroha, P. (2009). Kesehatan Repro- duksi dan Kontrasepsi. Jakarta : Salem- ba Medika.

Dinkes Jawa Tengah. (2009). Profil Di- nas Kesehatan Jawa Tengah 2009. Ja- wa Tengah : Dinkes Jawa Tengah.

Notoatmojo, S. (2007). Promosi Keseha- tan dan Ilmu Perilaku. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Ustom, A (2009 ) Alat Bantu dan Media Pendidikan Kesehatan. 5 Januari 2012. http://www.chevichenko.wordpress.com

Wawan, A. & Dewi, M. (2010). Teori dan Pengukuran Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Perilaku Manusia. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika.

Uno, Hamzah B. (2011). Perencanan Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Nursalam & Efendi, F. (2008). Pendidi- kan dalam keperawatan. Jakarta: Salem- ba Medika.

Mubarak, Wahit I. (2011). Promosi Kese- hatan untuk kebidanan. Jakarta: Salem- ba Medika.

Yohana Iga, M. (2010). Promosi Keseha- tan Menggunakan Media Audio Visual dan Meningkatkan Pengetahuan, Persep- si dan Sikap Terhadap PencegahanHIV/AIDS Bagi Calon Tenaga Kerja Indonesia (TKI) di Kabupaten Ngada- NTT. Tesis. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Hikmawati, I, (2011). Promosi Kesehatan Untuk Kebidanan. Yogyakarta : Nuha Media.

Pandiangan, T. (2005). Pengaruh Kese- hatan Reproduksi Melalui Metode Cera- mah, Media Audio Visual, Ceramah Plus Audio Visual Pada Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Remaja SLTP. Tesis. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Published
2019-10-28
How to Cite
1.
Rara Regina E, Delima R. PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN MEDIA AUDIO VISUAL LEBIH EFEKTIF UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PENGETAHUAN SISWA TENTANG KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI. Media ilmu kesehatan [Internet]. 2019Oct.28 [cited 2022Sep.29];2(1):40-5. Available from: https://ejournal.unjaya.ac.id/index.php/mik/article/view/44