• Evi Wahyuntari Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta
  • Tri Hapsari Listyaningrum Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta
  • Siti Istiyati Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta


Background: Pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum is a transition period for a woman and is a complex life event that affects the biological, psychological, and social life experienced by the mother. Therefore the need to cultivate an inner bond between mother and baby or known as maternal fetal attachment (MFA).

Objective: Aim of this study was to find factors that influence MFA in pregnant women.

Methods: cross sectional study. The study was conducted at PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta.  Population is  pregnant women routine ANC visits at the obstetric clinic. 100 respondents determined by the method of consecutive sampling. Inclusion criteria of pregnant women with a gestational age of 20-38 weeks, do not have high risk of pregnancy, no complications in pregnancy, and willing to become respondents. Exclusion criteria mothers who were not willing to become respondents. Data collection used a questionnaire consisting of basic data questionnaires for pregnant women, Socio demographic data, reproductive history, Pregnancy, PAI  questionnaire , SSQ questionnaire.

Results: The planned pregnancy had an effect on the MFA with indigo p <0.05 OR 6, 44 which means that the planned pregnancy had an effect of 6.44 times on the MFA score. while age, education, parity, occupation has no effect on the MFA score

Conclusion: Planed pregnacy had an effect on MFA score in PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Author Biographies

Evi Wahyuntari, Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta

Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta Jl. Ringroad Barat No. 63 Mlangi Nogotirto Sleman

Tri Hapsari Listyaningrum, Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta

Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta Jl. Ringroad Barat No. 63 Mlangi Nogotirto Sleman

Siti Istiyati, Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta

Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta Jl. Ringroad Barat No. 63 Mlangi Nogotirto Sleman


1. Bowlby J. Attachment and Loss. Vol I. New York: Basic book; 1982.
2. Pellerone M, Miccichè S. Prenatal Attachment and Anxiety: Women Who Decide to Try in Vitro Fertilization and Women Who Procreate Naturally. Psychol Res. 2014;4(6):419-427.
3. Ohman S. Prenatal Examinations for down Syndrome and Possible Effects on Maternal- Fetal Attachment.; 2014.
4. Hee L, Young L. Factors Influencing Maternal-Fetal attachment among Pregnant Women. Adv Sci Technol Lett. 2015;16(3):2020-2028.
5. Malekpour M. Effects of Attachment on Early and Later Development. 2007;53(105):81-95.
6. Taixera M, Raimundo F, Antunes M. Relation between Maternal-Fetal Attachment and Gestational Age and Parental Memories. J Nurs Ref. 2016;IV(8):85-92.
7. Suryaningsih E. Indonesia Version of Prenatal Attachment Inventory(PAI) :A Preliminary Study. National Taipei University Of Nursing and Health Sciences. 2015:3-5.
8. Mohamed N, Hassan M, Mohamed F, Elgwad A. Predictors of Maternal Fetal Attachment among Pregnant Women. J Nurs Heal Sci. 2017;6(1):95-106. doi:10.9790/1959-06010695106
9. Lee S, Lee S. Factors Influencing Maternal-Fetal attachment among Pregnant Women. J Korea Acad Coop Soc. 2015;16(3):2020-2028.
10. Abasi E, Tafazzoli M, Esmaily H, Hasanabadi H. The effect of maternal – fetal attachment education on maternal mental health. Turkish J Med Sci. 2013;43:815-820. doi:10.3906/sag-1204-97
11. Kim J, Cho. The effect of mother-fetus interaction promotion program of talking and tactile stimulation on maternal-fetal attachment. orean J Child Heal Nurs. 2004;10.
12. Salehi K, Kohan S, Taleghani F. Factors and Interventions Associated with Parental Attachment during Pregnancy in Iran : A Systematic Review. Int J Pediatr. 2018;6(49):6823-6842. doi:10.22038/ijp.2017.26168.2232
13. Hee LS, Young LE. Factors Influencing Maternal-Fetal attachment in High-Risk Pregnancy. Adv Sci Technol Lett. 2015;104:38-42. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/astl.2015.104.09
14. Alhusen J. A literature Update on Maternal-Fetal Attachment. J Obs Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2008;3:315-328. doi:10.1111/j.1552-6909.2008.00241.x.A
How to Cite
Wahyuntari E, Tri Hapsari Listyaningrum, Siti Istiyati. FAKTOR YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP MATERNAL - FETAL ATTACHMENT. Media ilmu kesehatan [Internet]. 2020Mar.12 [cited 2020Jul.13];8(2):141-6. Available from: https://ejournal.unjaya.ac.id/index.php/mik/article/view/308