Gangguan Psikologis pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 Dusun Kanoman, Pleret, Bantul

  • Rizqi Wahyu Hidayati University Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta
  • Latifah Susilowati Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta
  • Novita Nirmalasari Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta

Abstract

ABSTRAK Pandemi Covid-19 menyebabkan berbagai masalah psikologis, terutama pada pasien dengan penyakit komorbid, salah satunya yaitu diabetes melitus. Hal ini terbukti bahwa sebanyak 65% orang mengalamai masalah tersebut, antara lain depresi, cemas, gangguan tidur, hingga sindrom pasca trauma. Namun, hingga saat ini, gangguan psikologis tersebut masih dianggap sebelah mata. Hal ini juga terjadi di Dusun Kanoman, Pleret, Bantul. Sehingga pengabdian ini bertujuan untuk memeriksa status psikologis masyarakat yang menderita Diabetes Melitus di masa pandemic Covid. Kegiatan pengabdian meliputi pemeriksaan psikologis dengan menggunakan kuesioner Depression, Anxiety, and Stress 21 Scale (DASS 21) dan konsultasi. Kuesioner ini memeriksa depresi, cemas, dan stress yang dialami penderita diabetes melitus. Kemudian, hasil dianalisis menggunakan SPSS 25. Berdasarkan hasil diketahui bahwa 20% penderita mengalami depresi sedang, 13,3% mengalami cemas sedang, dan 6,7% mengalami stress ringan. Setelah pemeriksaan, peserta diarahkan ke meja konsultasi. Di meja tersebut, peserta diajarkan cara-cara untuk manajemen relaksasi seperti nafas dalam dengan disertai afirmasi positif, spiritual relaxation techniques, dan terapi musik.

KATA KUNCI: Gangguan Psikologis; Covid-19; Diabetes Melitus

ABSTRACT The Covid-19 pandemic caused various psychological problems, especially in patients with comorbid diseases, such as diabetes mellitus. It was proven that as much as 65% of people who experience these problems, including depression, anxiety, sleep disorders, and post-traumatic syndrome. However, until now, this psychological disorder is not still considered. This also happened in Kanoman, Pleret, Bantul. So that this service aimed to examine the psychological status of people suffering from Diabetes Mellitus during the Covid pandemic. Service activities include psychological examinations using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress 21 Scale (DASS 21) questionnaire and consultation. This questionnaire examines depression, anxiety, and stress experienced by people with diabetes mellitus. Then, the results were analysed using SPSS 25. Based on the results, it was found that 20% of patients had got moderate depression, 13.3% moderate anxiety, and 6.7% mild stress. After the examination, participants were directed to the consultation table. At the table, participants had mental health promotion about relaxation management techniques such as deep breathing accompanied by positive affirmations, spiritual relaxation techniques, and music therapy.

Author Biographies

Latifah Susilowati, Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta

Maternal and Child Deparment

Novita Nirmalasari, Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta

Keperawatan Gawat Darurat

Published
2021-10-27
Section
Articles